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FAQ: SAPScripts

How do I create Boxes in SAPScript?
You can create Boxes in the SAPScript using the BOX command specifying the x,y co-ordinates and the width and the height
BOX XPOS '0' CM YPOS '0.5' CM WIDTH '9.2' CM HEIGHT '3.5' CM FRAME 8 TW.

How do I set tabs between the fields in display?
In the Paragraph Format tab, create a new paragraph format. In the "Tabs" Tab, enter the tab position and the alignment for the fields.

How do I create standard texts for the scripts?
You can create standard texts using the transaction SO10. Then to insert these standard texts in the SAPScript choose the menu, Insert->Text->Standard and choose the standard text that you want to choose.



Alternatively, you can display standard texts in your SAP Scripts using the command:
INCLUDE ZSTEXT OBJECT TEXT ID ST LANGUAGE EN
where ZSTEXT refers to the Standard Text name.

How can I debug my SAPScript?
Go to the transaction SE71.
Enter the form name.
Choose the menu Utilities->Activate Debugger to enable debugging.

I have created a script in language DE. Now I need to translate it to EN. How could I do this?
Open your script in transaction SE71.
In the Header screen, in the Language Attributes Option, choose Translate to... Option to translate to other languages.

How can I Word Wrap the text being displayed in SAPScript?
Use the Function Module RKD_WORD_WRAP to wrap the text and use this for output.

How can I display barcodes in SAPScripts?
Create a character format in the SAPScript.
Choose the Bar Code for the character format.

And finally to display barcodes, in the command enter:

&vbeln&where C1 is the character format created and vbeln is the variable for which the barcode is to be created.

How can I print logos in SAPScripts?
Convert the logo to a TIFF(*.tif) file.
Use the program RSTXLDMC to convert the TIFF file to standard text.
Print this using the INCLUDE command:
INCLUDE ZLOGO OBJECT TEXT ID ST
For bitmaps (*.bmp)
Go to transaction SE78
Choose BMAP under GRAPHICS
Choose Import Graphic (F5)
Select the image and upload
In SE71 choose Insert->Graphics and then choose the image for display

How can I copy SAPScripts from one client to another?
In the transaction SE71, enter the Form name and choose the menu, Utilities->Copy from client to copy SAPScripts from one client to another.

Use RSTXSCRP to import/export SAPScripts.

How can I trigger new page in SAPScripts?
Use the command NEW-PAGE to trigger a new page in SAPScript.


How can I prevent page-break in the message that is to be displayed?
Enclose the text that you want to prevent page-break in PROTECT... ENDPROTECT
SAPscript will ensure that each line of this text is printed together on the same page.

/: PROTECT
* Text
* Within
* The same page
/: ENDPROTECTHow can I set the position of the leading sign to left/right?
You can use the SET SIGN command to output the leading sign at the left or right.

/: SET SIGN LEFT

/: SET SIGN RIGHTWhat are the various text formatting options in SAPScript?
&symbol(Z)& Omit Leading Zeros
&symbol(S)& Omit Leading Sign
&symbol(<)& Display Leading Sign to the Left
&symbol(>)& Display Leading Sign to the Right
&symbol(C)& Compress Spaces
&symbol(.N)& Display upto N decimal places
&symbol(T)& Omit thousands separator
&symbol(R)& Right justified
&symbol(I)& Suppress output of the initial value

Frequently Used System Variables in SAPScript?
&DATE& Currentdate
&DAY& Day
&MONTH& Month
&YEAR& Year
&TIME& Time of the day
&HOURS& Hours
&MINUTES& Minutes
&SECONDS& Seconds
&PAGE& Page
&NEXTPAGE& Next page number
&SPACE& Blank
&ULINE& Underline
&VLINE& Vertical line
&NAME_OF_MONTH& Name of the Month
&SAPSCRIPT-FORMPAGES& Total number of pages in currently formatted layout set
&SAPSCRIPT-JOBPAGES& Total number of pages in currently formatted print request

What are the different types of windows in SAP Scripts?
Windows are defined in the Layout sets which define the position and the text to displayed.

The different types of windows are:

MAIN - Main Window
The main window is a continous window which can extend over several pages. If the text in the main window fills up a page, a new page is created.
Only one main window can be defined in the SAP Script whereas upto 100 instances of main window can be created in a page.
VAR - Variable Window
This window can have the variable contents displayed on them. The contents of the window cannot exceed the window size. The content can be formatted for each page.
CONST - Constant Window
The constant window can have a fixed content and is formatted only once.

How can I format the date being displayed in the SAP Script?
The date fields in SAP Scripts can be formatted using the SET DATE MASK control command.
Eg.:
/: SET DATE MASK = 'MMMM DD, YY'
This displays the date as : September 26, 07

The following are the codes that can be used in the date mask:

YY Year (2 digits)
YYYY Year (4 Digits)
MM Month (2 Digits)
MMM Month Name (Abbreviated)
MMMM Month Name (Full)
DD Day as two digits
DDD Day name (Abbreviated)
DDDD Day name
Using the SET DATE MASK causes the subsequent date fields to be displayed using the same formatting. To return to the default formatting use the following command:
/: SET DATE MASK = ' '


How can I format the time in the SAP Script?
Similar to SET DATE MASK for date fields we can use SET TIME MASK for formatting time fields.
Eg.:
/: SET TIME MASK = 'HH hrs MM min SS sec'
This displays the time as : 11 hrs 43 min 37 sec'

The following are the codes that can be used in the time mask:

HH Hours
MM Minutes
SS Seconds

The time formatting can be reset to the default setting using:
/: SET TIME MASK = ' '

How can I apply shading for the BOXes in SAP Script?
Use the addition INTENSITY in the BOX command to apply gray shading to the boxes.
Eg:
BOX XPOS '0' CM YPOS '0.5' CM FRAME 8 TW INTENSITY 10

What is the difference between the SAP Script texts, 'Customer &KNA1-KUNNR&' and '&Customer KNA1-KUNNR&'?In the first case of 'Customer : &KNA1-KUNNR&',
the text 'Customer : ' is displayed regardless of the variable KNA1-KUNNR even if it is having Initial value.

In the second case of '&Customer : KNA1-KUNNR&',
The text 'Customer :' and KNA1-KUNNR is displayed only when the variable KNA1-KUNNR has non-initial values.

How can I change the page size of the layout?In the SAP Script, Goto -> Header -> Basic Settings
Here you could configure the page settings and their orientation.

How can I set the header and footer in the main window?
The TOP...ENDTOP and BOTTOM...ENDBOTTOM commands are used to set the header and footer texts in the main window respectively.
These texts will be displayed on the start and end of every new page in the output.

To disable these texts enclose empty commands between the commands.
Eg.:
/: TOP
/: ENDTOP

What the conditional statements used in SAP Scripts?
The following conditional statements are used in SAP Scripts:

IF..ELSE...ENDIF
CASE...ENDCASE

What is the use of the POSITION and SIZE command in SAP Scripts?
The POSITION command is used to x, y coordinate position which is used by the BOX command. The offset from the current window positions are specified which could be either positive or negative.
/: POSITION XORIGIN YORIGIN WINDOW PAGE

Eg.:
/: POSITION XORIGIN '2' CM YORIGIN '-1.5' CM

Similarly the SIZE command sets the width and height parameters.
/: SIZE WIDTH HEIGHT WINDOW PAGE

Eg.:
/: SIZE WIDTH 10 TW HEIGHT 10 TW

How to find the Driver Program for the given SAPscript ?

Step:1: Goto to the Table TNAPR using SE11

Step:2: Get the Contents of the Table(CNTRL+SHIFT+F10)

Step:3: On the Table Content Selection Screen, Type the SAPScript Name for which we have find the Driver Program in the field FONAM and execute(F8)

Step:4: PGNAM field of the result display contains the Driver Program Name for our SAPscript

h_tp://www.saptechies.com/sapscripts-frequently-asked-questions/

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